Notable Items:

Court used this case to embark upon the path of SubstantiveDueProcess .
Prior to this case, only procedural Due Process existed as shown in Buck-Bell (1927) .
Source of RationalBasisReview There is no reasonable ground for interfering with the liberty of person or the right of free contract by determining the hours of labor in the occupation of a baker.
Discards emprical medical knowledge provided in J Harlan's dissent.
J Harlan's dissent points towards future "means-end scrutiny" test in Need entry for WestCoastHotel-Parrish .
See also Liberty of Contract



Is the limit on the hours worked by bakers a "fair, reasonable and appropriate exercise of the police power" or "an unreasonable, unnecessary and arbitrary interference with the right of the individual"?


"... reversed, and the case remanded to the County Court for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion."


Peckham majority opinion.

Harlan dissent. White and Day concur.

Holmes dissent