Notable Items:

It can hardly be argued that either students or teachers shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.
... regulation of student speech is generally permissible only when the speech would substantially disrupt or interfere with the work of the school or the rights of other students.
First Amendment rights, applied in light of the special characteristics of the school environment, are available to teachers and students. [via 14th incorporation]
Tinker criterion limited by
  • Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969)
  • Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986)
  • Hazelwood-Kuhlmeier (1988)
  • Morse v. Frederick (2007) regarding illegal drug use. Alito sets this as as standing at the far reaches of what [restriction of student speech] the First Amendment permits.
  • Mahanoy Area School District v. B. L. (2020)
    Petitioner: John F. Tinker 15 years old, and petitioner Christopher Eckhardt, 16 years old
    Respondent: Des Moines Independent Community School District
    Venue: Supreme Court of the United States
    Opinion of the Court: Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969)


    Procedural History:

    Petitioner's Claim(s):


    Holding(s) and Disposition:


    Fortas majority opinion (??)

    Stewart concurring

    White concurring

    Black dissent (??)

    Harlan dissent